PIATSAW: Un diario de la Resistencia de los Pueblos Originarios de la Amazonía Ecuadoriana
El proyecto cuenta sobre las diferentes formas de Resistencias de los pueblos indígenas de la Amazonia ecuatoriana amenazados por las continuas concesiones a empresas extranjeras para
actividades de extracción. Las actividades extractivistas no solo acabarían con la selva, harían perder a los nativos sus territorios como sus identidades y tradiciones. En territorio Shuar y Achuar es rico de cobre y oro, mas al norte, en la Provincia de Pastaza y Orellana, donde viven Sáparas y Kichwas, la amenaza es la extracción de petróleo. El concepto de identidad de territorio y su control; la conservación de la raza y sus tradiciones; la Guerra del 95 que los dividió entre ecuatorianos y peruanos; el triunfo de Sarayaku en contra el Gobierno; el ataque a Nankinz y el consecuente desalojo a Tsumtsuim, son los temas ejes que construyen este diaro sobre la resistencia del los que queda de los pueblos amazónicos del Ecuador.
*Piatsaw: El primer hombre de la mitología Sápara que profetizó el fin de la cultura de su pueblo.
A woman of the Sapara people looks through the window of a small plane that has just landed in the Morete community, on the Sapara territory of the Ecuadorian Amazon.
Morete Community, Province of Pastaza, Ecuador. June 18, 2017. This territory is surrounded by thousands of acres of primary jungle, and is therefore only reachable through the air. There is no road, and it would take a person almost a week to get there by foot through muddy lands. The absence of a road is a blessing for the local people, as it enables them to control and preserve the territory, thus preventing its deforestation.
The arrival of an airplane is a special happening, as it is the only contact with the «modern world». https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A1para#Threats_to_S%C3%A1para_territory Natural photo taken in real time, without any alteration by the photographer. The house of Rosario Ware, 108 years old, is at the Wamutey zone in Tundayme, Cordillera del Condor, Province of Zamora-Chinchipe, in the southeast of Ecuador. Her house is inside the zone of the “Mirador Project”, executed by the Chinese owned company Ecuacorriente S.A.
Wamutey, El Pangui, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador. November 23, 2016. Upon orders of that company and the Ecuadorian authorities, Doña Rosario has been evicted by force two times in the last 13 years. The mining concession consists of 4738 million pounds of copper. http://www.biodiversidadla.org/Principal/Secciones/ Noticias/Ecuador_-_Tundayme_Victima_de_dos_desalojos_por_mineria Foto taken without altering the scene. From their house, Gloria and her son look at the valley extending to the west of the community of Tsumtsuim.
Tsumtsuim Community, Morona-Santiago Province, Ecuador. July 4, 2017. A few days later the valley was disputed in a confrontation with the military and they had to abandon their territory. On December 14 of the same year, the State of Emergency was declared in the whole province of Morona-Santiago.
The Tsumtsuim community was attacked by hundreds of military who shot against the local people. The 26 families of which this community consists were forced to flee and leave their homes, going into the jungle while night fell. Nowadays 41,769 hectares of Amazon jungle have been given in concession by the Ecuadorian government to foreign mining companies. https://www.google.com.mx/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&ved=0ahUKEwjB-8_5t7fYAhUi94MKHZMOCOYQFgheMAY&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.inredh.org%2Farchivos%2Fpdf%2Finforme_preleminar_nankints.pdf&usg=AOvVaw35JrzVRsMMFqiMq8k-Y5Ux Photo taken without asking the portrayed person to cooperate and without altering the scene. Francisco Chumbía with his four year old daughter at Chichis, Cantón Tiwintza, in the Morona-Santiago Province. Francisco, an indigenous Shuar, was a soldier and has 10 years of active service in the Intelligence division of Ecuador. He participated in the conflict on Alto Cenepa in 1995. Francisco stepped on a landmine, buried by his own army close to the position they held.
Chichis Community, Morona-Santiago Province, Ecuador. February 4, 2015. According to the Department of State of the United States of America, there were some 120 victims of landmines in Ecuador between 1995 and 1999. http://archives.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?url=lm/2005/ecuador.es.html#fn48 Photo taken with the consent of the photographed person, and with the only direction that he had to look in the camera. A family from the Sarayaku Community returns by boat after a Minga.
Kichwa Community of Sarayaku, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. May 27, 2017. Minga is the highest act of solidarity in a communal society, a tradition of the indigenous nationalities of the Amazon, consisting of community work in which everyone participates in order to support each other. In exchange, they will be offered food and chicha. In this case, a young couple seeks to get the material to put a straw roof on their new home. http://elultimoshamandelaamazonia.blogspot.mx/2011/09/la-minga-amazonica.html Natural photo taken in real time, without anything altered by the photographer. A food transport offered to the community members of Tsumtsuim is on its way to the Community.
San Carlos Panantza, Morona-Santiago Province, Ecuador. July 3, 2017. After an attack on the territory in December 2016, the army occupied their houses for 5 months approximately. When the families returned to their community, they found their homes empty. The military stole pots and working tools, finished with their farms products and ate all the chickens they breeded in the comunity. A year of labour will be needed to reestablish the productive pace of their crops and regain independence. http://labarraespaciadora.com/cronica/el-hambre-la-lucha-del-pueblo-shuar/ Photo taken without altering the scene. A boat travels through the Bobonaza River near the Sarayaku community, inside the Amazonian jungle in the province of Pastaza. The Bobonaza River is the only access to enter the zone by land. The road to get to Canelo, where the boat leaves, is complicated, with roughly 50 kilometres of dirt road from Puyo, where some 4×4 trucks drive; when the river allows it, from here another four hours by boat is required.
Kichwa Community of Sarayaku, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. May 27, 2017. Sarayaku was always opposed to a land road, in order to avoid deforestation and to maintain control of the land against the arrival of intruders such as oil companies and armies. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarayaku
https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%ADo_Bobonaza The photo was taken in a natural way, without interrupting the scene and without giving any directions. Tobacco juice Drink. It’s 3 am and the Yuku Runa Community is awake for the traditional Guayusa, which is taken to cause vomiting and thus clear the stomach of possible bugs and diseases. This is also the day for anyone who wants to inhale tobacco juice by the hand of the elder of the community. Inhaling the juice this way serves to increase their own strength, have clearer dreams and be able to work with them in order to improve their own life.
Intercultural Comunity of Yaku Runa, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. June 29, 2017. https://www.facebook.com/Yakuuna Natural photo without interaction or direction of the photographer in the scene. Artificial light was used in the scene. Beetle larva’s for sale in the Binational market Ecuador-Peru, on the Santiago River. Soldado Monge, Morona-Santiago Province, Ecuador. June 8, 2017. The war from 1941 and the one in 1995 on Alto Cenepa, caused by territorial conflicts between the two countries, divided the Shuars into Ecuadorian and Peruvian. But the local people never accepted this border and on days like this commercial and relationships and get-togethers are established with the communities on the other side of the border. http://www.elcomercio.com/ actualidad/comercio-internacional-intensifica-twintza.html Photo taken without alteration or intervention of the photographer. The newborn baby of Hilario and Luisa cries in his hammock at the Community of Llanchama Cocha. At his side, the objects Luisa usually carries with her when she goes away from the house: a Motorola radio and the machete.
Sapara Community of Llanchama Cocha, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. June 15, 2017. http://amazonwatch.org/news/2016/1024-reimagining-progress-voices-from-the-ecuadorian-amazon Photo taken with the consent and colaboration of the mother. Without major directions of the photographer. A helicopter from the AEE Ecuatorian Army launches from the soccer field of a school in the Parish of San Juan Bosco, Province of Morona-Santiago, Ecuador. November 24, 2016. For some days, the army was installed in the school to attack people of the Shuar community of Tsumtsuim, who decided to go back to their ancestors land after the forced eviction of August 2016. According to news made official by CONAIE, the Ecuadorian army carried out a repressive operation in support of the mining company Exsa China, that will start extraction activities in the region of Nankints, Panantza sector, Province of Morona-Santiago. https://conaie.org/2016/12/14/declaracion-conjunta-de-conaie-y-confeniae-ante-los-ultimos-sucesos-en-nankints-morona-santiago/ Photo taken without altering the scene. Fighting games in Llanchama Cocha after a bath in the Conambo River.
Sapara Comunity of Llanchama Cocha, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. June 14, 2017. http://www.earthisland.org/journal/index.php/eij/article/pachamamas_blood/ Natural photo taken without interaction, alteration or direction of the photographer in the scene. Amazon with restricted access.
Wamutey, El Pangui, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador. November 23, 2016. The war of Alto Cenepa sowed the Condor mountain range with landmines. A report of the United Nations 1999 mentions 90,000 sowed landmines in the Ecuadorian side of the region, covering an estimated area of 426,480 square kilometers. http://archives.the-monitor.org/index.php/publications/display?url=lm/2005/ecuador.es.html#fn48 Photo without intervention or alteration of the scene. Carlos Wilson Tendetza, brother of José Tendetza who was murdered two years ago for being a defender and activist against the mining company Ecuacorriente S.A. Carlos decided to continue the fight of his murdered brother.
Shuar community of Yanua, Ecuadorian Amazon.
In the last eight years, the bodies of three indigenous Shuar were found; they were defenders of the Amazon and of their territory in particular, and against the activities of mining extraction on a large scale. Their murders have remained unpunished.
Shuar community of Yanua, El Pangui, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador. November 22, 2016. http://bloglemu.blogspot.mx/2016/11/ecuador-marcha-funebre-en-memoria-de.html https://www.nationalia.info/new/10921/by-blood-and-fire-mining-and-militarization-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon Photo taken with the consent of the person on the photo, the only direction given was that he had to look at the camera. Franco Viteri Gualinga, age 49, on the landing track of the Originary People Kichwa of Sarayaku.
Sarayaku Comunity, Pastaza Province, Ecuador. May 27, 2017. He was elected President of Tayjasaruta from 2001 to 2003, fighting against oil extraction in the Ecuadorian Amazon. During his term, together with the community they achieved to expel the Argentinian oil company CGC out of their territory as they had never been consulted, which constituted a violation of their constitutional and human rights. The Sarayaku people succeeded to file a complaint against the State of Ecuador, which was referred to the CIDH, where they had a historic victory 10 years later, in 2012. To date they are waiting for the sentence to be executed.
Over the last 20 years, Franco has represented the indigenous people at international events, defending the political project of the indigenous movement and its unity with social movements in the country and in Latin America.
Today he is one of the eight leaders accused by the Ecuadorian government of being the leaders of an upraising against public services in Macas, in a demonstration on August 13, 2015, when Shuar and Achuar indigenous people took the streets of the city centre armed with spears and confronting the police corps.
In May 2017, the Leaders of all the indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador gave their support to demand the amnesty of 177 Kichwa, Shuar and Achuar, criminalized for defending their ancestral territories against the mining concessions given to foreign companies and defending their indigenous rights. http://www.earthisland.org/journal/index.php/eij/article/franco_viteri_kichwa/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarayaku “Conflict with government and multi-national petroleum companies”
Photo taken with the consent of the photographed person, and with the only direction that he had to look in the camera. Edwin Jankuam, 20 años, afuera de la base de entrenamiento militar de Shell, en la provincia de Pastaza. Nació cuando empezó la Guerra del Alto Cenepa. Hace parte de los adestrados en la escuela militar “Iwias”, ya incluido oficialmente por la Fuerzas Armadas Ecuatoriana.
La misión de la Escuela de «IWIAS» es formar soldados de infantería de selva con el personal nativo de la región amazónica. Nicola «Ókin» Frioli:
Fotógrafo italiano radicado en la Ciudad de México con trayectoria documental y retrato autoral. En los últimos 16 años a viajado por México como en India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Ecuador y Cederna.
Su trabajo – Al “Otro Lado” del Sueño -, fuè seleccionado en participar a la exposición colectiva “Resilencia” para Photo España 2009 y el Instituto Cervantes de Madrid. – Al “Otro Lado” del Sueño – fue expuesto en los Intitutos Cervantes de New York, Chicago, Roma, Instambul, New Delhi, Belgrado y otras ciudades del mundo hasta diciembre 2011.
Es Beneficiario del Fondo de Apoyo a las Artes / Fundación Bancomer BBVA.
Mencion Honorifica «People: Portrait»- ND Photography Awards 2014- We are Princesses in a land of machos.
Mencion Honorifica «Deeper Perspective»-
International Photography Awards 2014 – Al «Otro Lado» del Sueño .
Mencion Honorifica «Portraits»-
International Photography Awards 2014 – Al «Otro Lado» del Sueño. 1er lugar en Pride Photo Award 2013 – Amsterdam, categoría “Open”, con la serie – We are Princesses in a Land of Machos – 2ndo lugar en el Concurso internacional F.I.N.I. 2012 con la serie – Al “Otro Lado” del Sueño – 3r lugar en Picture of the Years Latam 2011, categoría “retrato migración” con – Al “Otro Lado” del Sueño – Conoce más del autor en su web: www.nicolaokinphotography.com es la plataforma curatorial de #CUARTODEINVITADOS para fomentar, difundir y promover a los autores de la EspacioGAF.com fotografía latinoamericana. Los autores aquí presentados han sido seleccionados bajo una linea curatorial que persigue revisar las propuestas emergentes y urgentes de la fotografía contemporánea con planteamientos críticos sobre el medio, la condición humana y nuestro contexto político, económico y social.
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